Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Buckingham Fountain's $25 million restoration project



The Buckingham Fountain ... is undergoing a $25 million restoration project [starting Sep 2, 2008].. The goal is to finish the project by April 1, 2009 .. when the Olympic Committee is coming into town.

The restoration includes:
# Plan to produce an even more spectacular water and lighting show ...
# Mend the leaky outer basin, which will be taken apart, repaired and reassembled ...



Click on the image for enlarged view ...

# Treating the fountain's bronze sea horses and fencing ..
# Replacing the loose pink gravel at the site with precast stone and concrete pavers.
# Also, landscaping and the planting of trees will more closely mirror the original plans by Edward H. Bennett.

Read more in my earlier post on the Buckingham Fountain .. click here .. ...



Click on the image for enlarged view ...

Buckingham Fountain has been one major attraction for tourists, health conscious joggers, enviormentally friendly cyclists ... and newly weds looking for great photo-opt ...



Tuesday, September 2, 2008

Public Art in the Grant Park ...

Grant Park is often called Chicago's "Open Front Yard" ... This 319 acres of open space has a large number of sculptures, monuments, fountains, gardens ....
Location: It is bordered on the north by Randolph Street, on the south by Roosevelt Road, on the west by Michigan Avenue and on the east by Lake Shore Drive.

I have put many posts on Grant Park ..
# Public Art in the Grant Park .. click here ....
# Gardens in the Grant Park .. click here ..
# Often overlooked but remarkable features like pedestrian crossings, the railway lines underneath, the street lamp posts, balustrade, corbels, the Y-symbols .. click here ..
# For a brief history of Grant Park .. click here ..



PUBLIC ART in GRANT PARK

For PHOTO GALLERY, click here..



This post is on the public art pieces in the Grant Park ..

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# At the NORTH END of Grant Park has the state-of-the-art Millennium Park ... with many artistic highlights like Jay Pritzker Pavilion [left image] Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain, Lurie Garden ... and others ...
For more on the .. Millennium Park ..click here ...

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# At the SOUTH END of the Grant Park is the world's largest Museum Campus ... with three world class museums ... the Shedd Aquarium, The Field Museum and the Adler Planetarium ... A large number of Public Art pieces are scattered in the Museum Campus

For Public Art pieces in the Museum Campus ... click here ..

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# To the south of the Millennium Park is the Art Institute of Chicago which has a huge collection of public art pieces ...

For more on the public art at the Art Institute of Chicago .. click here ...

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# In the CENTER is the magnificient Buckingham Fountain ..
which is surrounded by four figurine fountains and rose gardens ...
For more on ... Buckingham Fountain .. click here ..

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# Four Figure Fountains [Rose Garden] ...
Crane Girl, Dove Girl, Fisher Boy, and Turtle Boy ... adorn on the ground surrounding the Buckingham Fountain ...
Sculptor: Leonard Crunelle
Location: Grant Park Rose Gardens... surrounding Buckingham Fountain, at the head of Congress Pkwy.

For more on the Four Figure Fountains "Crane Girl, Fisher Boy, Dove Girl and Turtle Boy" .. click here ...

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# Daphne [Congress Triangle Garden] ...
Sculptor: Dessa Kirk
Location: Congress Parkway, Grant Park ..
Dessa Kirk created the Madalene sculpture specifically for its Congress Parkway site. In the summertime, the sculpture becomes part of the surrounding garden with vines and flowers that fill up the skirt of her dress.

For more on Daphne ... click here ..

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# The Bowman and The Spearman [Congress Plaza Garden]
Sculptor:Ivan Mestrovic
Installed: 1928
Location: Grant Park, Michigan Ave. at Congress Pkwy.

For more on the Bowman and Spearman .. click here ...

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Eagle Fountain [Congress Plaza Garden]...
Sculptor: Frederick Cleveland Hibbard.
Location: Congress Plaza, Michigan Ave. at Congress Pkwy.
A part of Chicago Public Art Program ..

For more on The Eagle Fountain .. click here ...

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# Lincoln Statue / Sitting Lincoln [North President's Court] ...
Sculptor: Augustus Saint-Gaudens
Architect: Stanford White designed the enormous 150-foot semi-circular exedra ..
Unveiled: 1926
Location: Grant Park .. in the area designated as the "Court of Presidents" ..

For more on the Lincoln Statue .. click here ..

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Artists and Automobiles [South President's Court]...
A series of sculptures by 5 Chicago artists...Mary Brogger, Ted Garner, Dessa Kirk, John Mason and Lucy Slivinski.
Location: South President's Court in Grant Park, located at Columbus Drive and Congress Avenue across from Buckingham Fountain ...

For more on Artists and Automobiles ... click here ..

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Bust of Sir Georg Solti ...
Sculptor: Dame Elisabeth Frink ...
In fact, the bust of Sir Georg Solti has been relocated from Lincoln Park to Grant Park .. The idea was to attract visitors with lunchtime concerts in a memorial garden

For more on Sir Georg Solti Garden .. click here ...

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Theodore Thomas Memorial / The Spirit of Music ..
Sculptor: Albin Polasek (1923)
Location: Chicago’s Grant Park on the corner of Balbo and South Michigan Avenue, near the Hilton Hotel.

For more on the Theodore Thomas Memorial .. click here ...

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Monument of General John Logan
Sculptor: August Saint-Gaudens with the assistance of Alexander Phimster Proctor ..
Unveiled: 1897
Chicago's Logan Square is named after him... John Logan was an Illinois based Civil War general, later serving as Senator from Illinois from 1871-77, and from 1880 until his death in 1886 ..

For more on General Logan Monument .. click here ...

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Bust of Aaron Montgomery Ward ...
In 1872, Aaron Montgomery Ward establishes the nation's first mail-order business at Clark and Kinzie Streets. The first catalog consisted of a single-sheet price list offering 163 items. The company adopts the slogan "Satisfaction Guaranteed." In fact, he was the first retailer in the United States to guarantee satisfaction to his customers. By 1904, the catalogs weighed a hefty four pounds each and were mailed to three million customers.

For more on Aaron Montgomery Ward ... click here ..

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Agora ...
Sculptor: Magdalena Abakanowicz [Polish sculptor]...
Location: Grant Park, intersection of S. Michigan Ave. and Roosevelt Road, Chicago ..
Agora is a Greek word for "meeting place" ...

For more on Agora .. click here ...

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Rosenberg Fountain ..
Sculptor: Franz Machtl [German sculptor]
Installed: 1993 ... restored in 2004 ..
Location: Grant Park .. intersection of Michigan Ave & E. 11th St. (1000 S) .. Chicago, IL 60605 ..
It reads, “Presented by Joseph Rosenberg San Francisco, Cal.”

For more on Rosenberg Fountain .. click here ...

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Reading Cones ..
Sculptor: Richard Serra
Installed: 1990
Description: Two freestanding 17-foot tall curved steel walls
Location: Petrillo Bandshell and Butler Field, Grant Park ..
South of E. Monroe Dr. (100 S.) and east of S. Columbus Dr. (301 E.) ..Chicago, IL 60603 ..

For more on Reading Cones .. click here ...

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Cancer Survivors Garden ... click here ..



PUBLIC ART in GRANT PARK,  PHOTO GALLERY, click here..



Monday, September 1, 2008

Grant Park [Eagle Fountains - by Frederick C. Hibbard]


 


Eagle Fountains..
Sculptor: Frederick Cleveland Hibbard.
Installed: 1931
Location: Grant Park - Congress Plaza Gardens ..
South Michigan Ave. (100 E) and E. Congress Pkwy. (500 S) .. Chicago, IL 60604 ..
A part of Chicago Public Art Program ..
 
On the north and south sides of the Congress Plaza are two circular fountains with bronze eagles. They eagles look ready to take flight with fish in their talons. Although the eagles look very realistic, their emphasis on verticality and stylized angular lines suggest the Art Deco style which characterized the fairgrounds.
 
 
 

Left is North side of Congress Plaza..
Right is South Side of the Congress Plaza

Not Identical!!!!
Most apparent different, North side Eagle has it's beak open while the south side has it closed!

In the comment section,  Frederick C. [who is the sculptor's grandson]  points out that the eagle on the north side is a Golden Eagle and on the south side is the Bald Eagle.
 
Frederick Cleveland Hibbard ... was a prominent sculptor of public works in Chicago. Born and raised in Canton, Missouri, Frederick Hibbard (1881- 1950) studied electrical engineering at several universities in Missouri and at the Armour Institute of Technology in Chicago. Soon after he began working as electrician, Hibbard decided that he wanted to become a sculptor. He enrolled at the School of the Art Institute, studying under the acclaimed artist, Lorado Taft and within a few years, he established his own sculpture studio in Chicago. Throughout his career, Hibbard produced over seventy works of permanent sculpture including two monuments to the Confederate president Jefferson Davis ..


Beautiful details
 
 
 
North Side of Congress Plaza
 




South Side of Congress Plaza


Details



Details
 



Ref: City of Chicago official Tourism Site .. Grant Park .. Click here ..

For more on Grant Park ..
# Public Art in the Grant Park .. click here ....
# Gardens in the Grant Park .. click here ..
# Often overlooked but remarkable features like pedestrian crossings, the railway lines underneath, the street lamp posts, balustrade, corbels, the Y-symbols .. click here ..
# For a brief history of Grant Park .. click here ..

Grant Park : Chicago's open frontyard



I have put many posts on Grant Park ..
# Public Art in the Grant Park .. click here ....
# Gardens in the Grant Park .. click here ..
# Often overlooked but remarkable features like pedestrian crossings, the railway lines underneath, the street lamp posts, balustrade, corbels, the Y-symbols .. click here ..
# For a brief history of Grant Park .. click here ..

This post is about the history of Grant Park ..

Grant Park [originally named Lake Park] is proudly referred to as Chicago's "open front yard" ... This large park [319 acres] located between Michigan Avenue and Lake Michigan, is free of any skyscrapers .. and is one of the reasons of Chicago's beautiful lakeside view ...

The history of Grant Park begins from 1835, when foresighted citizens of Chicago, fearing commercial lakefront development, lobbied to protect the open space. As a result, the park's original area east of Michigan Avenue was designated "public ground forever to remain vacant of buildings." It was officially named as Lake Park in 1847.



However, being next to Lake Michigan, had it's own set of challenges ... This site soon suffered from huge lakefront erosion. To solve this problem, The Illinois Central Railroad agreed to build a breakwater to protect the area in exchange for permission for an offshore train trestle.
# In the left image, we can see the breakwater ...
# In the image below, we see the railway lines which still crosses through the Grant Park compound ... A series of bridges cross the railway tracks and lead to lawns and monuments ...



After the Great Fire of 1871, the area between the shore and trestle became a dump site for piles of charred rubble, creating the fill for what is now the actual Grant Park ...

In 1901, the city transferred the park to the South Park Commission They renamed Lake Park as Grant Park, after Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States. Renowned architect Daniel H. Burnham envisioned Grant Park as a formal landscape with museums and civic buildings. However, construction was stalled by lawsuits launched by mail-order magnate Aaron Montgomery Ward, who sought to protect the park's open character. After almost 20 years of battle in court, Ward won the case in 1911... Eventually, Ward's ideas were adopted by Daniel Burnham in his Plan of Chicago, which called for "insured light, air, and an agreeable outlook" along the Grant Park street frontage ... As a result, the Grant Park remains an open space ... proudly called Chicago's open front yard ... The preservation of open space along the lakefront offers a great view of buildings on the Michigan Avenue .. The one exception Ward consented to was for the Art Institute of Chicago, constructed in 1892 ...

The Park's structure is based on the French parks with geometric designs. It consists of a series of bridges which cross the Railway tracks that are still on the park's compound. ...



I love these concrete balustrade and bridges ..



After the bridges, the park is divided in sections with lawns, trees and monuments.. In the heart of the city, Grant Park provides open space for Chicagonas and tourists to enjoy green space to relax and rejuvinate ...

A large number of Public Art pieces are scattered over the Grant Park area ....
For Public Art in the Grant Park .. click here ...

Grant Park: Reading Cones - by Richard Serra..




Reading Cones ..
Sculptor: Richard Serra
Description: Two freestanding 17-foot tall curved steel walls ..
Location: Grant Park .. South of E. Monroe Dr. (100 S.) and east of S. Columbus Dr. (301 E.) ..Chicago, IL 60603

From the City of Chicago's Official Tourism Website .. Reading Cones .. click here ..
Sculptor Richard Serra (b. 1939), a highly acclaimed artist from San Francisco, is especially well-known for his large-scale minimalist sculptures made of metal. The material comes in large sheets and his pieces reflect their heavy weight and oxidation process. The 32-ton Reading Cones, named for Reading, Pennsylvania where it was made, is no exception.

The Leo Burnett Company donated this large abstract sculpture to the City of Chicago in 1990 as Serra’s first permanent piece in our city. The Chicago Park District accepted the artwork in 1989, on a temporary basis. At that time, City officials had planned to relocate the sculpture to the entrance of State Street Mall after its renovation was completed. Although the Mall project was finished in 1996, the move has never taken place, and the prominent sculpture remains in its Grant Park location.






For more on Grant Park ..
# Public Art in the Grant Park .. click here ....
# Gardens in the Grant Park .. click here ..
# Often overlooked but remarkable features like pedestrian crossings, the railway lines underneath, the street lamp posts, balustrade, corbels, the Y-symbols .. click here ..
# For a brief history of Grant Park .. click here ..

Grant Park: General John Logan Memorial - by Auguste Saint-Gaudens





General John Logan Memorial ..
Sculptor: August Saint-Gaudens ..
with the assistance of Alexander Phimster Proctor
Unveiled: 1897.
Location: 337 East Randolph Street,
Grant Park [Michigan Avenue at 9th Street]
Saint-Gaudens sculpted the bronze figure of General Logan.. and..
Alexander Phimister Proctor, an observer of American wilderness and sculptor who made enormous animal sculptures for the World’s Columbian Exposition, created Logan’s horse.




John Logan was an Illinois based Civil War general, later serving as Senator from Illinois from 1871-77, and from 1880 until his death in 1886. He was the Republican Vice-Presidential candidate in 1884, running on a ticket with James Blaine...

Logan is responsible for the founding of Memorial Day. He helped to establish the Grand Army of the Republic, a veteran's group, and while serving as its President proclaimed the observance of a "Remembrance Day" holiday on May 30, 1868 ..


It reads ...
Erected by the State of Illinois, in honor of General John A Logan ..


It reads ...
Born in Illinois Febuary IX MDCCCMDXXVI. Died in Washington Dec XXVI MDCCCLXXXVI while senator of the United States from Illinois ..


The plaque reads ...
General John Alexander Logan 1826-1886
"If other eyes grow dull and other hands slack, and other hearts cold in the solemn trust, ours shall keep it well as long as the light and warmth of life remains .."
- John Alexander Logan's pledge
The First Memorial Day 1868
Reaffirmed and Rededicated
Lawrence Pucci Wedgewood Society of Chicago
May 26, 1997 ..



A view of the Grant Park ...

"Let no vandalism of avarice or neglect, no ravages of time, testify to the present or to the coming generations that we have forgotten, as a people, the cost of a free and undivided republic."
- General John A. Logan

Grant Park : The Bowman and The Spearman by Ivan Mestrovic..





The Bowman.. &.. The Spearman ..



"The Bowman and The Spearman" ...
Sculptor: Ivan Mestrovic
Installed: 1928
Description: Bronze figures, H 17 ft. (each)
Commissioned by the B.F. Ferguson Monument Fund, to commemorate Native Americans.
LOCATION: Congress Plaza Gardens ..
S. Michigan Ave. (100 E) & E. Congress Pkwy. (500 S) .. Chicago, IL 60604

Sculptor Ivan Mestrovic intended his monumental figures to commemorate the Native American and symbolize the struggle to settle this country. The figures are lean and muscular, tensed for the actions of hurling a spear and releasing an arrow. Mestrovic has heightened the forcefulness of these gestures by making viewers use their imaginations to supply the missing weapons. Although they are modeled in-the-round, the equestrians are viewed to their most monumental effect as relief silhouettes against the sky.











From the city of Chicago's official tourism website .. Grant Park .. click here ..
To create the bronze pair, trustees of the Art Institute of Chicago’s B.F. Ferguson Fund commissioned Ivan Mestrovic (1883-1962), an internationally-acclaimed sculptor from Croatia (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire). Mestrovic came to Chicago in 1926 when the Art Institute presented an exhibition of his work. Mestrovic cast the pieces in Yugoslavia, and said that though the horses represent those from his home more than the American prairie warriors’, they captured the vitality of Chicago. The equestrian figures are poised to shoot an arrow and throw a spear; however, neither holds a weapon. Although there is a long-held belief that the bow and spear were removed and never returned, this is an urban myth. The sculptor quite consciously omitted these items, leaving the weapons to the imagination of the viewers ..

*NOTE* - Ivan Mestrovic [1883-1962] is a workd renowned sculptor. Though born in Croatia, he later took American citizenship. President Dwight D. Eisenhower had personally presided over the ceremony to grant Mestrovic the American citizenship in 1954!!! He was the first person to have a one man show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.


For more on Grant Park ..
# Public Art in the Grant Park .. click here ....
# Gardens in the Grant Park .. click here ..
# Often overlooked but remarkable features like pedestrian crossings, the railway lines underneath, the street lamp posts, balustrade, corbels, the Y-symbols .. click here ..
# For a brief history of Grant Park .. click here ..